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From time to time, ERA-Interim exhibits spurious extreme values in some atmospheric fields, and ripple effects in related fields, as in the example below. The spurious values can have large magnitudes. Some examples:

The documented cases so far are:

  • 27 Sept 1980 at 00Z (1980-09-26 12:00 + Step12) in parameter mx2t (Maximum temperature at 2 metres since previous post-processing) at latitude -12.75, longitude 213.75, with mx2t = 343.1K
  • 28 June 2014 at 06Z  for SST analysis at surface level
  • 30 May 2016 at 12Z at the 1000 hPa level, and at 10m wind, at about 30N 148E in the Pacific east of Japan
  • 13 July 2016 at 0Z at the 700 hPa level, at about 20S 135E in central Australia


We suspect this issue to be caused by an error in the model or in the data assimilation. Unfortunately ECMWF do not have the resources to correct the problem and recreate the ERA-Interim data for the affected dates, so we can not offer a solution or workaround.