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Please use this as the main scientific reference to ERA-Interim:

Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., Simmons, A. J., Berrisford, P., Poli, P., Kobayashi, S., Andrae, U., Balmaseda, M. A., Balsamo, G., Bauer, P., Bechtold, P., Beljaars, A. C. M., van de Berg, L., Bidlot, J., Bormann, N., Delsol, C., Dragani, R., Fuentes, M., Geer, A. J., Haimberger, L., Healy, S. B., Hersbach, H., Hólm, E. V., Isaksen, L., Kållberg, P., Köhler, M., Matricardi, M., McNally, A. P., Monge-Sanz, B. M., Morcrette, J.-J., Park, B.-K., Peubey, C., de Rosnay, P., Tavolato, C., Thépaut, J.-N. and Vitart, F. (2011), The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 137: 553–597. doi: 10.1002/qj.828

For a more technical documentation of the contents of the ERA-Interim dataset please use:

Berrisford, P, Dee, DP, Poli, P, Brugge, R, Fielding, K, Fuentes, M, Kållberg, PW, Kobayashi, S, Uppala, S, Simmons, A (2011): The ERA-Interim archive Version 2.0. ERA Report Series 1,

To cite the source of the data, you may use the following data citation:

European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) (2011): The ERA-Interim reanalysis dataset, Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) (accessed <insert date of access here>), available from 

If no specific advice is given by the journals, it is usually recommended that the above data citation is put in the acknowledgements section.