The EFAS Reporting Point layer consists of a queryable map, with pop-out windows providing additional information.

## Reporting Point map

The figures below explain the Reporting Points map layer. The definition of the reporting points is given in CEMS-Flood diagnostic and web reporting points.

The reporting points are created using the following process. For each NWP-driven forecast, a flood probability is computed for each return period flood threshold (2-year, 5-year and 20-year) using the maximum forecast discharge value over the 10-day forecast horizon. This flood probability is only computed on the large rivers with an upstream area > 50 km^{2}. Very dry areas are also excluded by filtering the rivers with a 1.5-year return period < 1 m^{3}/s. A total probability of exceedance is computed from these maximum forecast probabilities (from DWD-HRES, ECMWF-HRES, ECMWF-ENS and COSMO-LEPS). The weights of the forecasts in the total probability are equals but, in order to avoid the predominance of deterministic forecasts in the region where COSMO-LEPS is not available, we impose a ratio of 50% deterministic, 50% probabilistic in the computation of the total probability. This gives the two cases (DWD-HRES, ECMWF-HRES, ECMWF-ENS, COSMO-LEPS):

- Inside COSMO-LEPS domain: (25%, 25%, 25%, 25%)
- Outside COSMO-LEPS domain: (25%, 25%, 50%, 0%)

The persistence probability is then calculated by averaging the total probabilities from the current and the previous forecast. Reporting points are finally created (and their alert levels are computed) based on the following rules:

- 20-year return period: persistence probability > 30% and upstream area > 150 km
^{2}. - 5-year return period: persistence probability > 30% and upstream area > 150 km
^{2}. 2-year return period: persistence probability > 50% and upstream area > 150 km

^{2}.

In regions where no static points (hydrological stations) are available from the EFAS hydrological database, an algorithm is used to generate dynamic points. The algorithm is based on the following properties:

- A dynamic point will be created at the most downstream location and at the peak signal location of a flood signal of at least 5 pixels.
- Once a dynamic point is created, it stays on the map as long as a flood signal exceeding at least the 2-year return period is detected.
- Points too close to each other are removed (points from previous forecasts will remain).
- If two points are close to each other but are on different rivers (based on the upstream area > 150 km
^{2}network), the two points are kept.

## Pop-out windows

Additional local information associated with the reporting points layers is available from the mapviewer as pop-up plots. They display information such as:

Point geographical information - e.g. country, basin, river and station name.

Forecast summary - e.g. forecast issue date, probability values, persistence values, tendency and time to peak.

Flood hydrographs.

Summary diagrams of catchment meteorological forcings.

Consistency diagrams

**:**show the evolution of the forecast signal over time. They display the forecast threshold exceedance for each return period threshold (1.5-, 2-, 5-, 20-year) for each day of the forecast horizon for the latest eight consecutive forecast runs.Real-time hydrographs (for certain points only): ECMWF-ENS EFAS forecast post-processed based on observed discharge. They also display the probability of exceeding a mean annual maximum discharge within the next 15 days.

Below are some graphical aids to help to interpret and use reporting points' feature information products (these can be found under the *Flood Summary *layer group -* **Reporting Points* layer, when clicking on a point on the EFAS-IS mapviewer).

## Restrictions

EFAS medium-range flood forecasts produced at least 30 days earlier are freely available to view. Real-time EFAS medium-range flood forecasts are only available under certain conditions. Visit the EFAS data access pages to learn more on data restrictions.