Hydrological model

EFAS v5 renalysis and forecasts are generated using LISFLOOD OS, a physically based spatially distributed hydrological model. More detailed information about this hydrological model (e.g. modelled physical processes) are available here.

Specifically, EFAS v5 makes use of LISFLOOD OS v4.1.3.  Compared to the LISFLOOD OS version used to produce EFAS v4, LISFLOOD OS v4.1.3 features updates in the hydrological routines, such as pixel-by-pixel computation of water infiltration into the soil, and improvements in the modelling of water abstraction for anthropogenic use. Moreover, LISFLOOD v4.1.3 benefits of significant improvements in the management of large input datasets and in the computational performances.

Consistently with EFAS v4, the computations for EFAS v5 are completed with 6-hourly time steps for all the hydrological processes, while hourly time steps are used for the modelling of river routing. All the output variables are available with 6-hourly resolution.


Static maps

Accurate representation of the rainfall-runoff processes in different climatic and socio-economic contexts requires a set of maps showing the morphological, pedological, vegetation, land cover, land and water use characteristics of the catchments. About 80 implementation maps are required as input to LISFLOOD OS. This set of implementation maps is referred to as “static maps” or “surface fields dataset”.

The spatial resolution of EFAS v5.0 implementation maps is 1 arcmin (0.01667 degrees), further information on the preparation, features, and availability of the dataset can be found here: CEMS-Flood surface field dataset - Copernicus Emergency Management Service - CEMS - ECMWF Confluence Wiki.

Meteorological forcings

The meteorological variables used by EFAS v5 are total precipitation, minimum and maximum daily temperature, air temperature, wind speed, solar radiation and vapour pressure. These variables are provided as input to EFAS from different meteorological datasets, depending on the purpose of the model simulation: hydrological reanalysis, medium range forecast, seasonal forecast. The list of meteorological datasets used for each purpose is available from EFAS meteorological forcing and land surface data - Copernicus Emergency Management Service - CEMS - ECMWF Confluence Wiki. The meteorological variables from each source are pre-processed as described in this page.