This page contains a list of known publications that make use of OpenIFS models.

Peer-reviewed publications using OpenIFS models


Pithan, F., Athanase, M., Dahlke, S., Sánchez-Benítez, A., Shupe, M. D., Sledd, A., Streffing, J., Svensson, G., and Jung, T., Nudging allows direct evaluation of coupled climate models with in situ observations: a case study from the MOSAiC expedition, Geosci. Model Dev., 16, 1857–1873, 2023.


Fitch, A.C., Improving stratocumulus cloud turbulence and entrainment parametrizations in OpenIFS, Q. J. Royal Met. Soc., 148, 1782-1804, 2022.

Huijnen, V., Le Sager, P., Köhler, M. O., Carver, G., Rémy, S., Flemming, J., Chabrillat, S., Errera, Q., van Noije, T., OpenIFS/AC: atmospheric chemistry and aerosol in OpenIFS 43r3, Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 6221–6241, 2022.

Jansson, F., van den Oord, G., Pelupessy, I., Chertova, M., Grönqvist, J. H., Siebesma, A. P., & Crommelin, D., Representing cloud mesoscale variability in superparameterized climate models. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 14, e2021MS002892, 2022.

Streffing, J., Sidorenko, D., Semmler, T., Zampieri, L., Scholz, P., Andrés-Martínez, M., Koldunov, N., Rackow, T., Kjellsson, J., Goessling, H., Athanase, M., Wang, Q., Hegewald, J., Sein, D. V., Mu, L., Fladrich, U., Barbi, D., Gierz, P., Danilov, S., Juricke, S., Lohmann, G., and Jung, T., AWI-CM3 coupled climate model: description and evaluation experiments for a prototype post-CMIP6 model, Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 6399–6427, 2022.

Trastoy, A. N., Strasser, S., Tuppi, L., Vasiuta, M., Poutanen, M., Mayer-Gürr, T. and H. Järvinen, Coupling a weather model directly to GNSS orbit determination - case studies with OpenIFS, Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 2763–2771, 2022.

Yepes-Arbós, X., van den Oord, G., Acosta, M.C., Carver, G.D., Evaluation and optimisation of the I/O scalability for the next generation of Earth system models: IFS CY43R3 and XIOS 2.0 integration as a case study, Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 379–394, 2022.


Ollinaho, P., Carver, G. D., Lang, S. T. K., Tuppi, L., Ekblom, M., and Järvinen, H., Ensemble prediction using a new dataset of ECMWF initial states – OpenEnsemble 1.0, Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 2143–2160, 2021.

Sidorenko, D., Danilov, S., Streffing, J., Fofonova, V., Goessling, H. F., Scholz, P., et al., AMOC variability and watermass transformations in the AWI climate model. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13, e2021MS002582, 2021.

Sparrow, S., Bowery, A., Carver, G. D., Köhler, M. O., Ollinaho, P., Pappenberger, F., Wallom, D., Weisheimer, A., OpenIFS@home version 1: a citizen science project for ensemble weather and climate forecasting, Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3473–3486, 2021.

Streffing J., Semmler T., Zampieri L., Jung T., Response of Northern Hemisphere weather and climate to Arctic sea ice decline: Resolution independence in Polar Amplification Model Intercomparison Project (PAMIP) simulations, J. Climate, 34, 8445–8457, 2021.


Laurila, T.K., V.A. Sinclair, and H. Gregow, The Extratropical Transition of Hurricane Debby (1982) and the Subsequent Development of an Intense Windstorm over Finland. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 337–401, 2020.

Rantanen, M., Räisänen, J., Sinclair, V.A., Lento, J.,  Järvinen H., The extratropical transition of Hurricane Ophelia (2017) as diagnosed with a generalized omega equation and vorticity equation, Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 72, 1-26, 2020.

Sinclair, V. A., Rantanen, M., Haapanala, P., Räisänen, J., and Järvinen, H., The characteristics and structure of extra-tropical cyclones in a warmer climate. Weather Clim. Dynam., 1, 1–25, 2020.

Tuppi, L., Ollinaho, P., Ekblom, M., Shemyakin, V., and Järvinen, H., Necessary conditions for algorithmic tuning of weather prediction models using OpenIFS as an example, Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 5799–5812, 2020.


Enomoto, T., Influence of the Track Forecast of Typhoon Prapiroon on the Heavy Rainfall in Western Japan in July 2018, SOLA, 15A, 66-71, 2019.

Jansson, F., van den Oord, G.,Pelupessy, I., Grönqvist, J. H., Siebesma, A. P., & Crommelin, D., Regional superparameterizationin a global circulation model using large eddy simulations. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 11, 2958–2979, 2019.

Matsunobu, T. and M. Matsueda, Assessing the predictability of heavy rainfall events in Japan in early July 2018 on medium-range timescales, SOLA, 15A, 19–24, 2019.

Scher, S., and Messori, G., 2019, How global warming changes the difficulty of synoptic weather forecasting, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 2931–2939, 2019.

Sidder, A., A “super” solution for modeling clouds, Eos, 100, 6 September 2019.

Szépszó, G., Sinclair, V., and Carver, G., 2019, Using the ECMWF OpenIFS model and state-of-the-art training techniques in meteorological education, Advances in Science and Research 16, 39–47,


M. Perez, R. Perez, C.R. Ferguson, J. Schlemmer, 2018, Deploying effectively dispatchable PV on reservoirs: Comparing floating PV to other renewable technologies, Solar Energy, 174, 837-847, 2018. (HTESSEL model with OpenIFS license).

Bašták Ďurán, I., J-F. Geleyn, F. Váňa, J. Schmidli, and R. Brožková, A turbulence scheme with two prognostic turbulence energies. J. Atmos. Sci. 75, 10, 3381–3402, 2018. (OpenIFS single column model).

Christensen, H.M., A. Dawson, C.E. Holloway, Forcing single column models using high-resolution model simulations, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 10, 1833–1857, 2018. (OpenIFS single column model).

Harney, E., and Lynch P., Laplace transform integration of a baroclinic model, QJRMS, 145, 347-355, 2018.

Hartung, K., Svensson, G., Struthers, H., Deppenmeier, A.-L., and Hazeleger, W., An EC-Earth coupled atmosphere–ocean single-column model (AOSCM.v1_EC-Earth3) for studying coupled marine and polar processes, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 4117–4137, 2018.


Day, Jonathan et al., The Abisko Polar Prediction School, Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 98, 445–447, 2017. (Single column model).

Düben, P. D., A. Subramanian, A. Dawson, and T. N. Palmer, 2017, A study of reduced numerical precision to make superparameterization more competitive using a hardware emulator in the OpenIFS model, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 9, 566–584, doi:10.1002/2016MS000862.

Stepanyuk, Oleg, Jouni Räisänen, Victoria A. Sinclair, Heikki Järvinen, Factors affecting atmospheric vertical motions as analyzed with a generalized omega equation and the OpenIFS model, Tellus A, 69, 2017.


Düben, Peter D. and T. N. Palmer, Benchmark Tests for Numerical Weather Forecasts on Inexact Hardware. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3809–3829. 2014.

ECMWF Newsletter articles

M. Köhler, A. Hill, M. Acosta, 2023, OpenIFS user meeting focuses on atmospheric composition, ECMWF Newsletter No. 176, Summer 2023.

J. Towner, S. Sparrow, D. Wallom, A. Bowery, A. Weisheimer, G. Carver, F. Pappenberger, H. Cloke, 2023, OpenIFS@home: Using land surface uncertainties and large ensembles for seasonal heatwave prediction, ECMWF Newsletter No. 175, Spring 2023. 

M. Köhler, A. Hill, V. Huijnen, P. Le Sager, 2023, Enhancing OpenIFS by adding atmospheric composition capabilities, ECMWF Newsletter No. 175, Spring 2023.

G. Carver, 2022, Ten years of OpenIFS at ECMWF, ECMWF Newsletter No. 170, Winter 2022. 

M. Köhler, P. Burton, G. Carver, S. Lamy-Thépaut, E. Rosert, K. Ściubisz, C. Valiente, M. Vučković, 2021, A new web portal for OpenIFS initial experiment data, ECMWF Newsletter No. 168, Summer 2021.

S. Keeley, X. Abellan, G. Carver, M. Köhler, S. Kertész, 2021, I. Russell, Making training mobile, ECMWF Newsletter No. 168, Summer 2021.

J. Kjellsson, J. Streffing, G. Carver, M. Köhler, 2020, From weather forecasting to climate modelling using OpenIFS, ECMWF Newsletter No. 164, Summer 2020.

M. Köhler, G. Szépszó, G. Carver, S. Gray, R. Plant, 2019, OpenIFS user meeting held at the University of Reading, ECMWF Newsletter No. 160, Autumn 2019.

G. Carver, K. Hartung, P. Ollinaho, V. Sinclair, H. Struthers, G. Svensson, G. Szepszo, 2019, The varied uses of OpenIFS, ECMWF Newsletter No. 159, Spring 2019.

G. Szépszó, G. Carver, 2018, New forecast evaluation tool for OpenIFS, ECMWF Newsletter No. 156, Summer 2018.

G. Carver, 2017, OpenIFS users explore atmospheric predictability, ECMWF Newsletter No. 153, Autumn 2017.

R. Plant, S. Gray, 2017, OpenIFS used by University of Reading students, ECMWF Newsletter No. 152, Summer 2017.

G. Carver, S. Kertész, F. Váňa, F. Ferry, E. Chabot, 2016, Météo-France hosts OpenIFS workshop, ECMWF Newsletter No. 149, Autumn 2016.

F. Váňa, G. Carver, S. Lang, M. Leutbecher, D. Salmond, P. Düben, T. Palmer, 2016, Single-precision IFS, ECMWF Newsletter No. 148, Summer 2016.

K. Szabóné André, G. Szépszó, 2015, Using OpenIFS to describe weather events in the Carpathian Basin, ECMWF Newsletter No. 145 , Autumn 2015.

A. Hannachi, G. D. Carver, 2014, Second OpenIFS user meeting at Stockholm University, ECMWF Newsletter No. 140, Summer 2014.

G. D. Carver, F. Váňa, S. Kertész, E. Källén, V. Sinclair, H. Järvinen, 2013, University of Helsinki meeting on OpenIFS, ECMWF Newsletter No. 136, Summer 2013.

A. Hannachi, J. Kjellsson, M. Tjernström, G. Carver, 2012, Teaching with the OpenIFS at Stockholm University, ECMWF Newsletter No. 134, Winter 2012/13.

Conference proceedings/abstracts


International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) (online)

Marcus O. Köhler, Vincent Huijnen, Twan van Noije, Philippe Le Sager, Simon Chabrillat, Glenn D. Carver, Atmospheric Chemistry in the OpenIFS model,, Atmospheric Chemistry from a Distance: Real Progress through Virtual Interaction, 16th IGAC Scientific Conference 2021.


European Geophysical Union (EGU) (online)

Nefeli Makrygianni, Jean Bidlot, Michaela Bray, Shunqi Pan, Implementation of the wave boundary layer model in the OpenIFS model, EGU2020-3605,, EGU General Assembly 2020.

Pirkka Ollinaho, Ensemble prediction with OpenIFS, EGU2020-18197,, EGU General Assembly 2020.

Lauri Tuppi, Pirkka Ollinaho, Madeleine Ekblom, Vladimir Shemyakin, and Heikki Järvinen, Necessary conditions for algorithmic tuning of weather prediction models using OpenIFS as an example, EGU2020-4824, EGU General Assembly 2020.



Xavier Yepes Arbós (Barcelona Supercomputing Center), I mproving the I/O scalability for the next generation of Earth system models: OpenIFS-Cassandra integration as a case study

European Geophysical Union (EGU), Vienna

Sarah Sparrow, Antje Weisheimer, Andy Bowery, Glenn Carver, Gabriella Szépszó, Marcus Köhler, Florian Pappenberger, and David Wallom, OpenIFS@Home - using citizen science to improve our understanding of weather forecasts, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 21, EGU2019-13940, 2019.

Joakim Kjellsson, Wonsun Park, Mojib Latif, and Glenn Carver, Weather Extremes in a Hierarchy of Climate Model Resolutions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 21, EGU2019-16852, 2019.

Fredrik Jansson, Gijs van den Oord, Inti Pelupessy, Maria Chertova, Pier Siebesma, and Daan Crommelin, On the regional superparametrization of OpenIFS by 3D LES models, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 21, EGU2019-11303, 2019.


European Geophysical Union (EGU), Vienna

Joakim Kjellsson, Wonsun Park, Mojib Latif, Recent trends in extreme weather - A model study, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 20, EGU2018-597, 2018.

European Meteorological Society (EMS), Budapest

Gabriella Szépszó, Victoria Sinclair, Glenn Carver, Using the ECMWF OpenIFS model and state-of-the-art training techniques in meteorological education, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts Vol. 15, EMS2018-456-1, 2018.


European Geophysical Union (EGU), Vienna

Mike Fagan, Peter Dueben, Krishna Palem, Glenn Carver, Matthew Chantry, Tim Palmer, and Jeremy Schlacter, Mixed Single/Double Precision in OpenIFS: A Detailed Study of Energy Savings, Scaling Effects, Architectural Effects, and Compilation Effects, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 19, EGU2017-10729, 2017

Pirkka Ollinaho, Juha Lento, Glenn Carver, Victoria Sinclair, and Heikki Järvinen, OpenEPS – An ensemble prediction system emulator for OpenIFS, Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 19, EGU2017-17529.

European Meteorological Society (EMS), Dublin

Eoghan Harney and Peter Lynch, Laplace Transform Time Integration Schemes in OpenIFS, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts Vol. 14, EMS2017-602, 2017


European Meteorological Society (EMS), Trieste

Glenn Carver, Filip Vána, Simon Lang, Martin Leutbecher, Deborah Salmond, Peter Dueben, and Tim Palmer, The ECMWF OpenIFS model and reduced numerical precision in weather forecasting, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts Vol. 13, EMS2016-511, 2016

Oleg Stepanyuk, Jouni Räisänen, Victoria Sinclair, and Heikki Järvinen, Factors affecting atmospheric vertical motions as analyzed with a generalized omega equation and Open IFS model: a statistical study, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts, Vol. 13, EMS2016-604, 2016


European Geophysical Union (EGU), Vienna

Jacob Svensson, Eric Bazile, Irina Sandu, and Gunilla Svensson, Performance of a TKE diffusion scheme in ECMWF IFS Single Column Model, Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 17, EGU2015-10384, 2015

European Meteorological Society (EMS), Sofia

Oleg Stepanyuk and Jouni Räisänen, Factors affecting atmospheric vertical motions as analyzed with a generalized omega equation and Open IFS model, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts Vol. 12, EMS2015-486-1, 2015

Glenn Carver and Stephan Siemen, Using virtual technologies to deliver training solutions using real models, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts Vol. 12, EMS2015-432, 2015

Stephan Siemen, Sándor Kertész, Iain Russell, and Glenn Carver, Using virtual machines for training at ECMWF - Building sound environments to improve training, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts Vol. 12, EMS2015-428, 2015


World Weather Open Science conference, Montreal

Sinclair V, Carver G., Vihma T, Järvinen H, 2014, Moisture transport to Antarctica by extra-tropical cyclones as simulated with OpenIFS, WWOSC, SCI-PS254.01.

European Geophysical Union (EGU), Vienna

Carver G.D, Vána, F; Siemen, S; Kertesz, S. Keeley, S. 2014, Training the next generation of scientists in Weather Forecasting: new approaches with real models, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 16, EGU2014-3058.

Siemen S, Kertesz S, Carver G, 2014, Metview and VAPOR: Exploring ECMWF forecasts easily in four dimensions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 16, EGU2014-9910.


23rd ALADIN/HIRLAM workshop 2013

Vana F. et al., 2013, The ECMWF OpenIFS model

European Geophysical Union (EGU) 2013

Carver, G.D. et al., 2013, The ECMWF OpenIFS model (solicited presentation)

European Meteorological Society (EMS) 2013

V. Sinclair, G Carver, T Vihma, H Järvinen, 2013, Moisture transport to Antarctica by extra-tropical cyclones, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts, 10, EMS2013-179.

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OpenIFS licence for Peer Review

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