The Web API provides a way to access ECMWF's data archives in batch from outside ECMWF (users working at ECMWF or through ecgate should use their normal local MARS access). There are two services at present:
- Access to the ECMWF Public Datasets requires self-registration and allows access to the datasets described here
- Access to the MARS archive is only available to registered users
See ECMWF Web API Home for more information, including how to set up the service by installing an ECMWF key. Metview versions from 4.4.3 onwards have support for this service (but version 4.4.7 is recommended). See the Releases page for download.
First, whichever service you want, ensure that you have access to it by following the steps in Access ECMWF Public Datasets. Ensure that you have set up your
~/.ecmwfapirc key and that you are registered for the datasets you wish to access. If you can retrieve some data using a sample script provided there, then you are 90% of the way to accessing the service from within Metview. It is not required to install the Python client libraries, but it can help with testing the service before trying it with Metview.
Second, ensure that your Metview installation was built with Mars Web Access enabled. When configuring with CMake (Metview version 4.5.x), Mars Web Access will be automatically enabled if the curl development library is found on the system. When configuring with autotools (Metview version 4.4.x), the option is
--enable-mars-web-access and is enabled by default. The only reason for disabling this option is if your system does not have the curl development library (
Data can be retrieved using the Mars Retrieval icon or its Macro language equivalent, the
retrieve() function. Either start with a supplied example icon, or create a new instance, either from the icon drawers at the bottom of the Metview desktop, or from the New Icon context menu. Edit the icon by selecting Edit from its context menu (or double-click the icon).
The important parameter to set in order to use the public datasets is the Dataset parameter. Otherwise, the retrieval should be as described in the Web API guide.
To perform the retrieval, use the context menu of the icon: Execute will retrieve and cache the data; Visualise, Examine and Save will do the same, but will then perform more actions on the data. Please see the introductory Metview Tutorials for more information on how to use these features of Metview.
It is beyond the scope of the Metview documentation to give detailed assistance on formulating MARS requests. Please see the MARS Web API page: Brief request syntax. However, here are some examples to help get things started.
Users who have started Metview for the first time with version 4.4.x onwards should already have some example icons and a macro in their Getting Started folder. The icons are also available for separate download - untar these into a Metview folder to start exploring them.
Note that in Metview versions prior to 4.5.5, it was necessary to add an additional parameter to the request:
This is no longer necessary, as Metview will automatically use the Web API if no local MARS connection is available.
Example retrieval for TIGGE data (icon parameters)
The following is the text behind an example Mars Retrieval icon for requesting TIGGE data. Either copy the values shown into the appropriate places in the icon editor, or switch the icon editor to Text View mode and copy the request in its entirety.
Example retrieval for core archive data (icon parameters)
Example retrieval for ERA Interim data (Macro language code)
The following Macro code retrieves some ERA Interim data and plots it.
Creating a Mars Retrieval icon
The following images are taken from the new Desktop user interface, but the procedure is the same with the classic user interface. Note that prior to version 4.4.7, the New Icon menu did not allow the creation of Mars Retrieval icons outside ECMWF; in this case, one can be found in the Data Access icon drawer.
|2. Select Mars Retrieval|
|3. The new icon appears on the Metview desktop||4. Edit the icon to set the retrieval parameters|