Metview's documentation is now on readthedocs!

Full documentation on BUFR functionality in Metview is here; geopoints are documented here.


Navigate into the 3_bufr folder within Metview.

Examine the BUFR file

Right-click and examine the supplied BUFR file obs.bufr, bringing up the BUFR Examiner tool.


Have a look around to see what's in the file, then find the key airTemperatureAt2M in the Data Tree tab. Right-click and Copy item to get this key name into the clipboard.

Filtering the BUFR file

We will now extract the 2m temperature values from the file. Create a new Observation Filter icon and edit it, setting the following parameters:

Dataobs.bufrDrop the obs.bufr icon into the editor box
Parameter​airTemperatureAt2MCan put ecCodes key names or numeric descriptors here

The editor should look like this:

Click OK, then examine the Obervation Filter icon. The filtering step will be executed automatically and the resulting geopoints data will appear in the examiner. You could also right-click on the icon and save the data, or drop the icon into a Python script file and add a write() command to write it to disk.

There are various possible output formats, but the standard geopoints output is a text file that looks like this:

Now visualise the result of the Observation Filter and drop the supplied icons symbol_plotting and coast_dark into the plot window.

Scriptify it

Filter, write and plot

Create a new Python Script icon, edit it and drop the Observation Filter (and rename the variable to t2m; also, absolute paths can be shortened to relative paths), coast_dark and symbol_plotting icons into the editor. Add the following commands to the end of the script and run it:

mv.plot(coast_dark, t2m, symbol_plotting)
mv.write('obs_t2m.gpt', t2m)

Extract values and compute statistics

Create a copy of the script, remove the plotting commands and add the following lines. The first two return numpy arrays, the third line returns a pandas dataframe.

df = t2m.to_dataframe()

If you have extra time...

Have a look in the solutions folder - there is a script called This does several things, including using geopoints as a set of locations to extract values from a GRIB field, computing the differences between geopoints and GRIB fields, and plotting the differences to a PDF file.