Page tree
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata
Sometimes you want a task to run at a given time, or to run every three hours,
or to run only on the first of the month, or on Mondays,...
For that ecFlow supports date and time dependencies.

time

time dependencies can be absolute, i.e. they will run at the exact time.
They can also be relative; in this case we provide the time from the moment the suite is begun.
Time dependencies can be repeated at regular intervals.  The nodes stays complete once all time instances have run.

 

time 23:00                  # at next 23:00
time 10:00 20:00 01:00      # every hour from 10am to 8pm
time +00:01                 # one minute after the suite has begun, or 1 minute after re-queue in a presence of a repeat
time +00:10 01:00 00:05     # 10 to 60 minutes after begin every 5 minutes

In the last example we have task that runs every five minutes, however what happens if the task takes longer ? 

When this happens, the time slot, is missed.


cron

Cron dependencies can be specified using the cron keyword.  Cron differs from time as when the node is complete it queues again immediately.  Cron also only works with a real time clock (not a hybrid clock).

cron 23:00                 # every day at 23:00
cron 08:00 12:00 01:00     # every hour between 8 and 12
cron -w 0,2    11:00       # every sunday and tuesday at 11 am
cron -d 1,15   02:00       # every 1st and 15th of each month at 2 am
cron -m 1 -d 1 14:00       # every first of January at 2 pm

Time,Today,Cron

When a time has expired, the associated node is free to run. The time will stay expired, until the node is re-queued.

date or day

Date dependencies can be specified using the date or the day keyword.
Date dependencies are always absolute, but wild cards can be used.
date 31.12.2012             # the 31st of December 2012
date 01.*.*                 # every first of the month
date *.10.*                 # every day in October
date 1.*.2008               # every first of the month, but only in 2008
day monday                  # every monday

Mixing time dependencies on the same node

A task can have several time and date dependencies.   For example:

task tt
   day monday   # Here Day/date acts like a guard over the time. i.e. time is not considered until Monday
   time 10:00   # run on Monday at 10 am
task tt
   day sunday                  # On the same node, Day/date act like a guard over the time attributes.
   day wednesday
   date 01.*.*                 # The first of every month and year
   date 10.*.*                 # The tenth of every month and year
   time 01:00                  # The time is only set free *if* we are on one of the day/dates
   time 16:00
 
The task will run on Sunday’s and Wednesday’s at 1am and 4pm, but only if the day is the 1st or the 10th of the month.

 

With multiple time dependencies on the same node, the dependencies of the same type are or'ed together, then and'ed with the different types.

Mixing time dependencies on different nodes

When time dependencies are placed on different nodes in the hierarchy, the results may seem surprising.

family fam
   day monday       # The day attribute no longer guards the time attribute.
   task tt
      time 10:00    # This will run on Monday morning at 00:00 ?, and Monday at 10 am 

family fam2
   time 10:00
   task tt
       day monday # This will run on Monday morning at 10:00 ?, and Monday at 10 am

The example above assumes we have suite, with an infinite repeat loop. So why does the task run on Monday morning at  00:00 ?

This is because time dependencies on different nodes act independently of each other.  In this case time attribute was set free on Sunday at 10 am ( and once free it stays free until it is re-queued).  Hence task tt is free to run on Monday  morning. After task has run and re-queued. It will then run on Monday at 10 am.

 

Like trigger‘s, date and time dependencies can be set for a family. In this case, the tasks of this family will only run according to these dependencies.

 

All time related dependencies(like cron, time, today, date and day) are relative to the clock of the suite.

For more information, see Dates and Clocks

Text

Let us modify the definition file to add a family f2.
For brevity we have omitted the previous family f1

 

# Definition of the suite test
suite test
 edit ECF_INCLUDE "$HOME/course"  # replace '$HOME' with the path to your home directory
 edit ECF_HOME    "$HOME/course"

 family f2
     edit SLEEP 20
     task t1
         time 00:30 23:30 00:30
     task t2
         day sunday
     task t3
         date 16.01.2017
         time 12:00
     task t4
         time +00:02
     task t5
         time 00:02
 endfamily
endsuite

Python

For brevity we have left out family f1. In python this would be:

$HOME/course/test.py
import os
from ecflow import Defs,Suite,Family,Task,Edit,Trigger,Complete,Event,Meter,Time,Day,Date,Edit

def create_family_f2():
    return Family("f2",
            Edit(SLEEP=20),
            Task("t1", Time("00:30 23:30 00:30")),     # start(hh:mm) end(hh:mm) increment(hh:mm)
            Task("t2", Day("sunday")),
            Task("t3", Date("1.*.*"), Time("12:00")),  # Date(day,month,year) - * means every day,month,year
            Task("t4", Time("+00:02")),                # + means realative to suite begin/requeue time
            Task("t5", Time("00:02")))                 # 2 minutes past midnight
 
print("Creating suite definition")  
home = os.path.join(os.getenv("HOME"), "course")
defs = Defs( 
        Suite("test",
            Edit(ECF_INCLUDE=home,ECF_HOME=home),
            #create_family_f1(),
            create_family_f2()
            ))
print(defs) 

print("Checking job creation: .ecf -> .job0")  
print(defs.check_job_creation())

print("Checking trigger expressions")
errors = defs.check()
assert len(errors) == 0,errors

print("Saving definition to file 'test.def'")
defs.save_as_defs("test.def")

What to do

  1. Make the changes to the suite definition file
  2. Create all the necessary ecf script‘s by copying the one from /test/f1/t7
  3. Replace the suite
    python:  python test.py; python client.py
    text:       ecflow_client --suspend=/test  ;  ecflow_client --replace=/test  test.def
  4. ecflow_ui  has a special window to explain why a task is queued. Select a queued task and press the why icon
        
    or click on the 'Why tab'
  • No labels

2 Comments

    1. Time/Date attribute shall be distinguished from trigger/complete while it has "memory" (set down as soon as possible, and they are not "protected" by suspend/trigger/other date-time) ; trigger is evaluated "at the moment" so that you may suspend or use an upper triiger false (aka umbrella) to "protect" a trigger. Variables can be used in trigger, so that DOW, DOY, ECF_DATE can be used when it makes design simpler .
    2. Date/Time behave as "<date> and then <time>" when attached to the same node. They shall behave, "surprisingly", independently when attached to different nodes.

     

  1. import os
    from ecflow import *
    
    home = os.path.join(os.getenv("HOME"), "course")
    def create_family_f2():
       return Family("f2").add(
                Edit(SLEEP=20),
                Task("t1").add( Time("00:30 23:30 00:30")),  
                Task("t2").add( Day( "sunday" )),
                Task("t3").add( Date("1.*.*"),   
                                Time("12:00")), 
                Task("t4").add( Time("+00:02")),
                Task("t5").add( Time("00:02"))) 
                                                    
    print("Creating suite definition")  
    defs = Defs().add(Suite("test").add(
                    Edit(ECF_INCLUDE=home,ECF_HOME=home),
                    create_family_f2()))
    
    print(defs)
    print("Checking job creation: .ecf -> .job0")  
    print(defs.check_job_creation())
    print("Saving definition to file 'test.def'")
    defs.save_as_defs("test.def")
    
    print("Replace suite /test in the server")
    defs.test.replace_on_server()
    import os
    from ecflow import *
    
    home = os.path.join(os.getenv("HOME"), "course")
    def create_family_f2():
       f1 = Family("f2") + Edit(SLEEP=20)
       f1 += [ Task("t{}".format(i)) for i in range(1,6) ]
       f1.t1 += Time("00:30 23:30 00:30") 
       f1.t2 += Day("sunday") 
       f1.t3 += [ Date("1.*.*"), Time("12:00") ]    
       f1.t4 += Time("+00:02")                              
       f1.t5 += Time("00:02") 
       return f1
    
    print("Creating suite definition")
    defs = Defs() + ( Suite("test") + Edit(ECF_INCLUDE=home,ECF_HOME=home))
    defs.test += create_family_f2()   
       
    print(defs)
    print("Checking job creation: .ecf -> .job0")  
    print(defs.check_job_creation())
    print("Saving definition to file 'test.def'")
    defs.save_as_defs("test.def")
    
    print("Replace suite /test in the server")
    defs.test.replace_on_server()